You are currently viewing Duffy’s final recruiting class: Otto’s brave new world, Raye’s transformed career and all achieved without Bear Bryant myths

Duffy’s final recruiting class: Otto’s brave new world, Raye’s transformed career and all achieved without Bear Bryant myths

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PHOTO: Otto Smith from a preseason photo day at Spartan Stadium.

Kirkus review on my new book, “THE RIGHT THING TO DO, The True Pioneers of College Football Integration:” Fascinating read … unexpected subplots … a work of sports history that fills gaps.

Kirkus Review of my children’s book, “BUBBA’S DAD, DUFFY AND COLLEGE FOOTBALL’S UNDERGROUND RAILROAD.” Recurring cheeky retorts to home institutions that wouldn’t accept the athletes because of their skin color add a sly touch of social commentary

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Otto Smith boarded Michigan State coach Duffy Daugherty’s storied Underground Railroad in 1972 as a wide-eyed Black teen-ager from Columbia, S.C. His path and the tracks that ran parallel to his journey are important to understand then and now.

Smith left behind a state that was a century behind the times — closer to Antebellum than Reconstruction.

South Carolina school districts varied in their resistance to desegregation throughout the 1960s, but the athletic defensive end said his senior year of high school, 1971-72, was his first with White classmates. Although this was 18 years after the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling, the claws of Jim Crow customs were dug in deeper than the law of the land.

Smith rightfully viewed sports as an avenue to rise above his station in life. His opportunity was essentially the same in 1972 as it was for Jackie Robinson a quarter-century earlier breaking Major League Baseball’s color line.

“When I got to Michigan State’s campus, I was floored,” Smith said. “It was so beautiful. We went to dinner at a nice restaurant, and it was the first time I sat in a restaurant with White people. Everyone was welcoming. I was amazed. It was the first time I ate prime rib. I had only seen restaurants like that looking through windows.”

This was in January 1972!

Too many 21st-century Americans, Black and White alike, forget that segregation is recent history, not ancient.

“When I got home, I told my mom I’d die if didn’t get to go to Michigan State. That’s how bad I wanted to go there.”

But read on.

This story spans more ground than a simple retrospective on one player — a three-time All-Big Ten honoree — escaping inherent southern bigotry. It also explains how Smith’s college commitment helped elevate the career of a young Black coach, Jimmy Raye, and sent Raye on a continued ground-breaking path. He served his profession for decades as a mentor for many Black coaches from Pro Football Hall of Fame coach Tony Dungy on down the list.

And hopefully learning the story helps a few more fans understand Duffy Daugherty’s legacy has been usurped by Bear Bryant myths and fiction designed to cover up the Alabama coach’s poor track record on integration.


The foundation of the Michigan State’s Underground Railroad was southern Black football fans adopted the Spartans after watching Black stars Leroy Bolden, Ellis Duckett, Clarence Peaks and John Lewis lead Michigan State’s victories in the 1954 and 1956 Rose Bowls. They were from Michigan and Midwest factory towns.

Just as Black baseball fans turned out to see Jackie Robinson on his stops around the National League, the Spartans attracted attention, particularly in the South, as a North Star of opportunity.

Black high school coaches, most prominently Willie Ray Smith Sr. of Charlton Pollard in Beaumont, Texas, began sending Daugherty their players. They trusted him. Smith Sr. contacted Daugherty about his son Bubba, who played for his father at Charlton Pollard, and Gene Washington, a star at rival Baytown Carver. They rode the Underground Railroad all the way to the College Football Hall of Fame.

Some White southerners opposed to segregation also steered talent to East Lansing. That was Ernie Pasteur’s ticket in 1963 out of segregated Beaufort, N.C., through a White coach, Norm Clark, in Morehead City across the coastal inlet from Pasteur’s Black school.

Later, Otto Smith took a similar path, when Raye discovered him at Columbia’s Black school, Booker T. Washington, through Bob Satterfield, a White coach at cross-town Eau Claire, traditionally a White school.

Raye, who was in his first year on Daugherty’s staff, also had been an Underground Railroad veteran in 1964 out Fayetteville, N.C.

Raye actually traveled to Columbia to see another prospect the Spartans had targeted who attended Eau Claire. When Raye finished visiting with Satterfield, who later won the 1988 NCAA Division I-AA title at Furman University, he asked Satterfield if he knew of any other prospects in the area.

“Otto Smith at Booker T. Washington,” said Satterfield.

Heeding Satterfield’s advice, Raye drove across town and watched film of Smith with Washington’s coach, Sam Goodwin, an African American.

“Otto was quick with great instincts, and he could really hit,” Raye recalled. “He exploded on people. That’s what really stood out.”

So much in history is based on timing, and the South Carolina schools desegregating in Smith’s senior year overlapped “New South” forces at work in the state. Smith was finishing his junior year when newly elected South Carolina Gov. John C. West gave his inaugural address on January 19, 1971. West stated he would, “eliminate from our government any vestige of discrimination because of race, creed, sex, religion or any other barrier to fairness for all citizens.”

The state’s desegregation policy included the majority of a campus remaining White students. This drastically reduced enrollment at Washington, but one of the White students attending Washington was Sissy Jones, the daughter of the University of South Carolina’s president, Thomas F. Jones. She graduated from Washington in 1974, the final year the school was open. Smith says she still supports the historic Black school’s foundation and attends reunions.

History, though, has shown us the progress of the 1970s soon backtracked. There was a 1980s Black backlash during President Ronald Reagan’s two terms.

As for Smith’s good fortune meeting Raye, all of the 44 Underground Railroad passengers had a similar story of someone reaching out to Michigan State. The arc spans from the first southern recruit, Clifton Roaf of Pine Bluff, Arkansas, in 1959, through 1972, Daugherty’s final season upon retirement.

Duffy didn’t recruit the segregated South. The South recruited Duffy.


Ironically, of all the Underground Railroad tips Michigan State received from a southerner opposed to segregation, the only tale to emerge and spread nationally has been an egregiously incorrect version of the true story and at the expense of Duffy’s legacy.

It involved Charlie Thornhill, an African American from segregated Roanoke, Virginia, who went on to become a 1966 All-Big Ten linebacker at Michigan State, and Joe Namath, a White quarterback from Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, who gained iconic stature as Alabama’s quarterback, 1962-64.

According to the myth, Daugherty traded Namath, who was a freshman in 1961, to Bryant for Thornhill, who was a freshman in 1963.

This part debunking the Namath-Thornhill myth has been verified: Michigan State assistant coach Vince Carillot said he learned about Thornhill through a December 1962 phone call from Bob McClelland, a White sportswriter at the Roanoke World Telegram. McClelland knew Michigan State was a good fit for Thornhill.

Initially, Daugherty was concerned about Thornhill’s 5-foot-9 height, but Carillot said he sold his boss on the fact Thornhill was built like a weightlifter without having ever touched a weight. Daugherty agreed to granting a scholarship offer.

Thornhill died in 2006, but his younger brother, William “Nay” Thornhill, confirmed the McClelland-Carillot account before Nay’s own death in 2019.

Shouldn’t that be enough to debunk the myth? It hasn’t been with a mainstream media devoted to Bryant hagiography. The myth has been as persistent as southerners waving Confederate flags.

The myth Bryant had steered Thornhill to Daugherty after they met at a Roanoke Touchdown Club sports awards banquet (Bryant was the keynote speaker) lives on in defiance of all journalism standards.


Despite the Thornhill family’s availability to confirm the Underground Railroad story as told by Carillot, sports writers ran with the Bryant myth rather check facts. Bryant was media savvy in life as well as in death. Folksy tales about him, verified or not, were low hanging fruit for sportswriters to reverently recirculate.

The claim Bryant sent Thornhill to Daugherty has bounced around for years, including finding a landing spot in Sports Illustrated on December 27, 2004. The Scorecard section article on “The Road Not Taken” for several athletes lacks any attribution despite directly quoting Bryant having made a phone call to Thornhill, telling him to look for a plane ticket in the mail to visit Michigan State. No sources were cited. The famed Sports Illustrated fact-checkers must have had the day off.

Media outlets regurgitated each other until the popular misconception worked its way into the national folklore with the aid of poorly researched sports writing.

However: There is a basic incongruity hanging over the picture of Bryant and Daugherty working together to battle injustice: They were on opposite sides of the fence.

Bryant dragged his feet on integration, failing to recruit his first Black player until 1970. By then, Alabama was the seventh of 10 Southeastern Conference schools with Black players and 33 of 37 major southern programs were desegregated. Bryant’s record paled compared to Daugherty.

Even Auburn, Alabama’s in-state rival, was ahead of Bryant. James Owens was Auburn’s first Black player in 1969, and no one fired Auburn coach Shug Jordan. That’s important to understand because Bryant’s apologists claim racist Alabama Gov. George Wallace would have fired Bryant if he signed a Black player.

That theory, though, ignores the fact Wallace was out of office, 1967-71, and Bryant’s 1967, 1968 and 1969 recruiting classes were all-White.

The myth has stripped Michigan State’s College Football Hall of Fame coach — a Time magazine coverboy in 1956 — of his legacy leading college football integration. The false narrative unfairly casts Bryant as a crusader and Daugherty as a passive bystander taking players sight unseen.

Daugherty built college football’s first fully integrated teams in the 1960s, a time when the South was segregated and other schools around the country, including USC, followed an unwritten quota limiting Black athletes to a half-dozen or so.


Namath and Thornhill are the only names ever attached to the myth that Bryant had sent Daugherty his Black players from the South. But there are so many holes in the “trade” narrative, starting with the two-year gap questions.

When was the trade executed? The myth also makes no sense when comparing academic admission ironies.

Daugherty stated Michigan State’s admissions office informed him early in the recruiting process there was no way to admit Namath with his poor academics, so Daugherty stopped recruiting him. Namath subsequently spent the summer preparing to pass the Maryland board exams. When Namath came up short on his scores just before fall camps opened, Maryland coach Tom Nugent informed Bryant that Namath was still available.

Nugent explained it that way in a 1969 SPORT Magazine story, Bryant wrote it in his 1974 book “BEAR” and Namath said it in a 2012 HBO documentary, “Namath.” None of them mentioned Daugherty in the equation.

You can’t get sources better than the horses’ mouths.

In Bryant’s 301-page autobiography, he mentioned Daugherty five times. Not once was there a reference to Bryant sending Daugherty Black players.

Thornhill died in 2006, but his family also has dismissed the Bryant myth.

Although it’s true Bryant met Thornhill at a January 1963 Roanoke Touchdown Club awards banquet for college and high school players, Thornhill had taken his recruiting trip to Michigan State in December 1962 — Clifton Roaf of Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was his host — and announced his Michigan State commitment to the Roanoke newspapers prior to the banquet.

Nay Thornhill also attended the banquet, and he stated Bryant said nothing more to Charlie than he would enjoy playing for Daugherty. So grateful was Charlie to McClelland, Charlie and two brothers attended McClelland’s funeral.

Thornhill’s son Kaleb, who also played linebacker at Michigan State, said his father never spoke of Bryant as the one responsible for his Michigan State scholarship. Nay added Charlie grew irritated with the myth as it persisted into the 21st century.

Yet there is another gaping hole that sinks the myth. Bryant said on film in 1967 – while defending his all-White rosters in response to a question from a sportscaster after he cut five Black walk-on candidates in spring football — he couldn’t find academically qualified Black athletes.

That’s an excuse as weak as tissue paper, but in the sports world of Bear Bryant hagiography, it has sufficed and survived a stake to the heart.

How could Bryant claim to not find academically qualified Black athletes in 1967 while having been credited in earlier years with sending Thornhill and other Black athletes to play for Daugherty?

The claim is particularly preposterous when understanding Namath was denied admission at Michigan State, yet Namath was admitted to Alabama overnight.


Nobody in the mainstream media – which remains comfortable with Bryant folklore — asked those questions contradicting the Namath-Thornhill trade myth. After all, to do so threatens exposing Bryant as segregationist emperor with no clothes. Bryant, his record shows, was a steadfast segregationist coach at four schools from 1945 through 1969.

The myth casting Bryant as a benevolent segregationist empathetic to Black athletes contradicts his reaction to UCLA’s eight Black players threatening to boycott the 1962 Rose Bowl. They had learned Bryant was maneuvering behind the scenes for Alabama to play in Pasadena in place of the Big Ten entry. As the 1961 season was winding down, Los Angeles Times columnist Jim Murray wrote about UCLA’s boycott threat. Bryant’s scheme quickly collapsed.

But Byrant, instead of changing with the times, was still bitter more than a decade later. Bryant exposed himself as tone death in his 1974 book, “BEAR.” Bryant wrote about his grudge against Murray for spoiling his chance to coach in the Rose Bowl.

In other words, Bryant didn’t “get it” — not in 1961 and not in 1974. We don’t know if he got it by his death, in 1983. He never apologized for dragging his feet.

And here is another difference between Alabama and other SEC schools. Auburn has apologized for not doing more to support James Ownes, its first Black player. Alabama falsely celebrates Bryant as a crusader.

My podcast, THE END GAME, includes episodes based on chapters in my book, THE RIGHT THING TO DO, that debunk Bear Bryant mythology.


Daugherty’s lost legacy continues to pay the price of Bryant’s myths overshadowing him. In a 2019 ESPN series on college football, sportscaster Charles Davis (now with CBS) insulted Daugherty’s legacy with an egregiously erroneous statement:

“For Duffy Daugherty, it wasn’t just being progressive and Abraham Lincoln. Duffy was about winning football games.”

Davis – and Bryant’s apologists – don’t explain how they can cynically question Daugherty’s motives as simply about winning games while at the same time hailing Bryant as a savior for finally recognizing in the 1970s he needed to recruit Black players to remain competitive.


Smith’s story reminds us the Civil Rights movement was refreshingly still at work in 1972, although the divisive Vietnam War had hallowed out so much progress through President Lyndon B. Johnson’s 1960s’ Great Society’s social programs.

And Smith’s commitment, by extension, also was refreshing as a transformational moment for Raye’s coaching career. Raye went from Underground Railroad passenger in 1964 out of segregated Fayetteville, N.C., to an Underground Railroad conductor boarding passengers in 1972.

PHOTO: Defensive end Otto Smith, his first season as starter against Syracuse, on his way to earning honorable mention All-Big Ten.


As a Michigan State player, Raye was the South’s first Black quarterback to win a national title on the Spartans’ 1965 and 1966 teams. In 1966, he was second-team All-Big Ten to Purdue All-American Bob Griese,

As a Spartans’ coach, Daugherty hired Raye at a time there were few Black assistant coaches in college football, although Raye was one of two Black assistants on Duffy’s staff. In 1969, Daugherty hired Sherman Lewis, his first Underground Railroad All-American player out of Louisville, Kentucky.

Daugherty hiring Raye and Lewis as college coaches was their springboard to clearing more paths as pioneering Black coaches in the NFL. The San Francisco 49ers’ Ken Meyer hired Raye in 1977 and the 49ers’ Bill Walsh hired Lewis in 1983.

When Raye joined the 49ers, there were only seven other Black assistants in a 28-team league. By 1983, Raye was the second Black coordinator in the NFL when the Los Angeles Rams hired him as their offensive coordinator. He was in the league 37 years while also serving as a mentor for many Black coaches, including Pro Football Hall of Famer Tony Dungy.

Both Raye (2022) and Lewis (2023) have been honored by the Pro Football Hall of Fame. They earned the NFL Awards of Excellence for assistant coaches.

As a recruiter, Raye landed Smith along with three more 1972 Underground Railroad passengers:  Tyrone Willingham of Jacksonville, N.C.; Charlie Baggett, Fayetteville, N.C.; and Branden Barber of Georgetown, S.C.

Willingham was a walk-on. Of all the schools he wrote letters to while seeking an opportunity, only Raye and a coach at Toledo responded. Raye sold Daugherty on Willingham.

Baggett, whose family lived next door to the Rayes in Fayetteville, began his college career at North Carolina with the ambition of breaking ground as a Black quarterback. He played quarterback on the Tar Heels’ 1971 freshman team (the NCAA didn’t permit freshmen varsity eligibility until 1972), but North Carolina head coach Bill Dooley switched him to wide receiver as the 1972 varsity fall camp opened. Baggett called Raye, and Raye arranged for the transfer through Daugherty.

So, not a bad 1972 Underground Rail haul:

— Smith, a 6-foot-3, 210-pound defensive end, was frustrated spending the 1972 season on the freshman team, believing he was ready to play. He made his case in 1973, earning honorable mention All-Big Ten defensive end. He followed up with first-team All-Big Ten honors in 1974, the year the Spartans shocked No. 1-ranked Ohio State 16-13 at Spartan Stadium. Smith suffered a knee injury in the 1975 season opener while trying to tackle Ohio State’s elusive running quarterback, Cornelius Greene.

“He came down the line and cut,” Smith recalled. “I cut with him, and I heard something pop.”

Knee surgeries were primitive in the 1970s compared to modern medicine, but Smith recovered to earn honorable mention All-Big in 1976.

“If he didn’t get hurt, he’d probably would have been an All-American,” said Raye.

After Smith’s playing career, he worked in Michigan for a few years before he returned home to Columbia and owned “DMS Printing and Promo” with his brother.

— Willingham was an all-purpose player as quarterback and receiver throughout his playing days as a three-year letterman in both football (1973-76) and baseball (1974-77). He was voted the Spartans’ Most Inspirational Player in football in 1976 and earned All-Big Ten honors in baseball in 1977.

He went into coaching as was the head coach at Stanford, Notre Dame and Washington. At Stanford, he was the first Black coach to lead a team to the Rose Bowl. At Notre Dame, he was the first Black coach in any sport at Notre Dame.

— Baggett sat out 1972 as a transfer — that was the standard NCAA rule long before today’s transfer portal — and was a three-year starter, 1973-75. He led the Spartans to their monumental upset of No. 1-ranked Ohio State in 1974 and earned honorable mention All-Big Ten honors in 1974 and 1975. Baggett went on to a long coaching career, including two stints at Michigan State and in the NFL.

A half-century later, Smith still thanks Raye for making that drive across town to watch film based on a tip from another school’s coach.

“I was so fortunate Jimmy Raye recruited me to Michigan State,” Smith said. “Every kid in the South should have had the opportunity I enjoyed. Michigan State opened a whole new world to me. Everybody at Michigan State made me feel a part of it.”


So, who is the culprit for Daugherty unfairly living in the shadows of a spotlight Bear Bryant didn’t earn?

To answer that question, it’s necessary to establish Duffy loved to joke with the media. A chapter in his 1974 book, “DUFFY,” was, “They Called Me Impish (and a few other things). Daugherty wrote, “Maybe my secret to getting along with the press was to keep them humored.”

That part of his personality provides an explanation for how Daugherty unwittingly handed the unfair Namath-Thornhill myth to credit Bryant.

Daugherty’s book recounts several anecdotes, including satirizing Ohio State coach Woody Hayes. Nobody was off-limits. In the days before modern conference media days in one city, the Big Ten Skywriters Tour served as the opportunity for writers to visit with coaches and players in the preseason.

One year Hayes kept the writers waiting behind a locked gate for an hour. He said he didn’t want the media to hear him yelling at the players. So, when the tour moved on to Michigan State, Daugherty locked out the writers five minutes. He said he didn’t want the writers to hear him singing his players’ praises.

Another year the Big Ten Skywriters Tour visited East Lansing Daugherty set them up with a staged routine. He was poolside with the writers as they enjoyed refreshments (it was a different time). Daugherty had planted a football player masquerading as a typical student working the pool area.

As Daugherty began to regale the writers, he called to the student. With the writers as Daugherty’s audience, he went into an elaborate demonstration explaining how MSU ‘s coaches teach a player to catch a football. Then, Daugherty sent the student to the other end of the pool. Daugherty tossed the football, and the kid snared it with one hand.

College Football Hall of Fame coach Duffy Daugherty, the Spartans’ head coach from 1959 to 1972.


Daugherty wrote the punchline: “The young man was Ernie Clark, one of our finest ends whoever played at Michigan State.”

Daugherty, while telling a tall tale, also wasn’t above stretching the truth to prop up his prop. Clark’s career totals: two catches for 33 yards.

So, back to question who stole Daugherty’s legacy?

Daugherty — to take a page from political cartoonist Walt Kelley — was his own worst enemy. In 1971, Kelly drew a cartoon about Earth Day and pollution swamping a park. The caption: “We Have Met the Enemy and He is Us.”

If Kelly drew a cartoon for representing Daugherty’s lost legacy, it would depict Bryant myths washing ashore and clinging to Duffy’s pristine beach like jellyfish poised wih stingers to prevent cleaning up the myth.

In the fictional Namath-Thornhill trade, Daugherty’s humor was misinterpreted while he served as an ambassador for the 1986 East-West Shrine Game at Stanford. He entertained San Francisco Bay Area writers.

Michigan State’s local media understood the impish Daugherty loved to pull their legs. Other writers outside the bubble didn’t have that background. Consequently, William D. Murray, a United Press International writer based in the Bay Area, used Daugherty’s quotes as if it was a straight news story.

Daugherty’s joke didn’t fall flat — it backfired. But why did Daugherty tell the story at all?

Maybe it was an effort that turned out ham-handed to defend growing criticism following Bryant’s death – he was dead nearly four years at that point — for failing to do enough for integration in his state or on his team.

Either way, Murray’s UPI story was sent over the wires nationally. And in American media, a humorous account involving football and pop culture icons — Bryant and Namath –takes wings with or without the truth providing lift. No one stopped to fact check, and the regurgitation has continued.

But that’s not all. Here’s another example of a misinterpreted Daugherty joke. At Bryant’s 65th birthday party in 1978, Daugherty was quoted saying, “I got out of coaching when Bryant started recruiting Black kids.”

Allen Barra used the quote at the bottom of Page 372 of his book, “THE LAST COACH, A Life of Paul ‘Bear’ Bryant.” Barra’s book is the most reputable of all the Bryant biographies, with most of them written by Bryant apologists.

Daugherty’s quote was funny, but it doesn’t add up. Barra made the same leap as UPI’s Murray, using a joke as fact. A sentence credits Bryant for sending Daugherty players. There is no evidence of a Michigan State Underground Railroad player benefitting from Bryant tipping Daugherty.

Understand Bryant only recruited one Black player in 1970 and only four in 1971. Those numbers didn’t dry up Daugherty’s reach into the South. In fact, Daugherty’s final 1972 recruiting class included four Underground Railroad passengers (this doesn’t count Black athletes who committed to the Spartans from states above the Mason Dixon Line). He hadn’t given up.

Not to mention Michigan State’s 1972 roster was loaded despite underachieving. It featured All-American tight end Billy Joe Dupree, an Underground Railroad passenger from West Monroe, Louisianna, and two other 1972 All-Americans picks along with Maxwell Award winner Brad Van Pelt and Joe DeLamielleure. In all there were 11 All-Big Ten honorees and 10 NFL draft picks.

Daugherty had talent, but his teams began to underachieve. The Spartans finished 1972 with a 5-5-1 record. Since a second straight national title (9-0-1) in 1966, the next six seasons Daugherty’s record was 27-34-1. Duffy discussed retirement in his book.

He wrote, “But one day, football quit being fun altogether for me and quitting became the only logical thing to do.”

By the 1990s, more Bryant fiction grew around the 1970 USC-Alabama game. USC mythmakers rewrote history 20 years after the game. There was no overnight impact as claimed in the myth from USC’s 42-21 win behind Sam Cunningham, a Black fullback.

The folklore claimed Bryant scheduled USC as a game to lose to shock his racists fans into allowing him to recruit Black players. But it was actually the third time in less than a calendar year that Alabama yielded 40-plus points in a loss to an integrated opponent. There was no shock the night of the USC-Alabama game.

The Namath-Thornhill myth’s shelf life may explain why some Michigan State fans believe the Bryant tales and continue to repeat them. Curiously, those fans — who should know better — seem to gain some kind of vicarious joy that Bryant helped Daugherty. Accepting the myth fails to recognize the the tale credits Bryant for building Daugherty’s national title teams.

To paraphrase a line from “The Man who Shot Liberty Valance,” John Ford’s 1962 Western: “When the legend becomes fact, print the legend.”

Duffy Daugherty deserves a better from college football lore and history. Not to mention ESPN, Sports Illustrated, The Athletic, The Atlantic and other media outlets that continue to sell Bryant myths and ignore Daugherty’s legacy.

An authority on college football integration is Barry Switzer, who coached fully integrated teams winning national titles in 1974, 1975 and 1985. His opinion carries weight.

“Duffy did more for integration than any other coach in college football,” Switzer said. “He had players from all over the south. There were great Black players in the state of Texas that were passing over Oklahoma to play for Duffy. He had all those players from the Houston area. And Duffy also was the first one to recruit Samoan players.”


I invite you to follow me on Twitter @shanny4055

Below are links to click on to purchase my books focused.

My books tell the true story of college football integration in the 1960s and address the myths and fiction that allowed a false narrative surrounding the 1970 USC-Alabama game to usurp the credit from the true pioneers. As I said when I spoke at the National Sports Media Association book festival, no two books provide an accurate portrayal more than RAYE OF LIGHT and THE RIGHT THING TO DO.

I’ll put my facts up against anybody, anytime, anywhere. Watch here.

Click here for my story on the 1962 Rose Bowl and Segregation awarded first place by the Football Writers Association of America. I tell untold stories on Michigan State’s leading role and the true pioneers of college football integration. Click here to read the summary as a first-place story.


Click here to purchase The Right Thing To Do


The True Pioneers of College Football Integration in the 1960s

Foreword by Ruffin McNeill


Click here to purchase Raye of Light.


Jimmy Raye, Duffy Daugherty, the 1ntegration of College Football and the 1965-66 Michigan State Spartans

Foreword by Tony Dungy


Click here to purchase my children’s book, Bubba’s Dad, Duffy and College Football’s Underground Railroad

The book for now is only a Kindle version on Amazon. Print and audio platforms available soon.


My next children’s book coming soon: How Duffy Put Hawaii on the Football Map

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